The NEW mathematical tools of Education Administration

The NEW mathematical tools of Education Administration

Research in education is finally approaching the next level, and judging by my graduate classes in statistics, we’re going to need some incredible brain power to use these new methodologies.

First and foremost on the VAM (Value-Added Modeling) for evaluating teachers, schools, and districts, the premiere tool is called HLM (Hierarchical Linear Modeling). To use this software reasonably well, you need about two courses in basic statistics, a course of linear regression, and another course of multi-level modeling. It’s a pain in the arse to interpret the numbers that come out of these models, but if you can do it, you can probably work for anyone from Operations Research departments to Goldman Sachs. As a quick summary, if you input last year’s scores, students’ socioeconomic status, gender, race, parents’ education, etc. then you should be able to predict a student’s score the following year. In companies if you plot the productivity vs. sick days used, chances are you’ll see a relationship in the data. If you’re working through multi-level regression work, I’ve found these resources that carried me through a few homework assignments as well as a midterm:

Multilevel Regression Modeling Resources

Probability has also become a major focal point for estimating how random characteristics of schools, teachers, and students can be modeled. For a great introduction to probability theory, Ross is the major book that all beginners seem to find the most appropriate:A First Course in Probability (8th Edition). The major takeaway from probability theory is the “probability distribution.” For the best possible overview of the interconnectedness of this (insanely) difficult topic (well, at first…), this paper is a beautiful graphical organizer. Anyone who begins this little tumble down the rabbit hole will also be drawn to Bayesian Data Analysis. You’ll also probably need to get a good grip on R (the programming language) as well… So, if this is you and you’re trying to figure out this mess of Bayesian analysis (also related to Artificial Intelligence, Neural Networks, and forecasting), you’ll probably want this book with the cute little puppies on the front:

Finally, IRT (also known as Item Response Theory) is how they grade the SATs. CDM (Cognitive Diagnosis Modeling) is an evolution of IRT and is the umbrella concept of the multifaceted models that have arisen to explain the ways we can test for specific skills. It is extremely complex and requires algorithms such as the Expectation-Maximization Method or Maximum Likelihook methods (which again, require insane amounts of statistics training in probability and inference).

If you’re looking into developing a strong program in statistical analysis in education, this is your foundation. Policy and management aside, this is how to extract the data that is required to make policy arguments. If your superintendent isn’t aware of these tools, it’s time to go to a board meeting.

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Mid-Semester Musings…

Mid-Semester Musings…

Hurricane Sandy is, ironically, providing a short respite… the power is still on, classes are cancelled for two days, I have a moment to make updates on the sites I’m administering, and I can finally reorganize my winter clothes… well, while there’s still power and light…

Since September, I’ve learned and accomplished far more than I expected. For starters, statistical mathematics is much harder than I thought… but much more powerful than I imagined. Probability is a way of envisioning the separation of one potential event into all of its possible actualities, and the defining attributes of the players in this universe of events are definable “after the fact.” It’s actually quite incredible. I now understand why financial analysts think they’re smarter than everyone else, but I still can’t fathom the arrogance that usurps their morality. But to be honest, the difficulty of using these statistical algorithms to make good predictions are far more valuable than any public sector salary… so any true nationalist needs to do some introspection about their tax investment if they want smart people to assist in the reformation of this country. It’s no wonder that analysts would rather make 6 times more money for easier work. (Easier you ask? Yes… because statistical research for social science and psychology is still developing out of its infancy, but the research for finance is 45 years ahead.)

The election is almost over, thank heavens. I’m, admittedly, a politically vested person. I believe in the common good, the general welfare, prevention of warfare, promotion of education and healthcare… and it’s very sad that we can’t be sure that either candidate will push these efforts. What’s even worse is the insane amount of money that runs the PACs that support these two political parties that have a duopoly on our political system… and it seems that our population is far too immature and short-sighted, ignoring the tremendous oligarchical structure that holds our pensions, municipal bonds, college funding, mortgage banking, and our news organizations. Most believe third party candidates to be impractically naive personalities. They may actually be our only way to reform a broken government.

On a personal note, the edits for our book on Model UN Education and Social Intelligence for high school students is complete and finished. The website is ready for media content and our videos from the upcoming RUMUN and HMUN workshops will be available to members, as well as my upcoming presentation on “Presentation Skills: An Application of Social Intelligence” that I’ll be giving to the Rutgers Education Psychology faculty and graduate students. The youtube channel is up and running, the copyright is initiated, and the affiliates are being notified of their ability to make commissions. If you want to help sell our book for online commissions, let me know!

My wife is also beginning her work on her little website adventure. She will be launching her site called the Uneasy Yogini within the next two months. She’ll be promoting her classes, good products, healthy food and exercise, and some nice local spots. One day she’s hoping to have her second career take over her primary… but that is several years away, and we’ve got some parental basics to get through first.


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Who can change policy?

Who can change policy?

College work is in full swing.

(hilarious as I’m turning 34… am I smart or stupid? Will my wife still love me when it’s over?)

As I re-engage my creative mind within the collegiate terra firma of mental fertility, there is one glaring detail that lingers on the horizon as I simultaneously beseech myself to stay abreast of the national epidemic of political gridlock:

There is no shortage of interesting ideas!

Seriously… I hear good ideas everyday. Very few of them should be implemented with 100% faith and ubiquity, but they should be attempted nonetheless.

The Chicago teachers’ strike is a very good example of the final compromise that could have been entertained months ago while the details of the “initial” teacher assessment model could have been fine-tuned through the collaboration of the union AND the mayor’s office. If one employs the “golden axiom of social intelligence” [We are smarter than I] a successful strategy would reveal itself with minimal energy:

  1. Collaboratively discuss theoretical model that may prove accurate.
  2. Make predictions.
  3. Strategize implementation to answer the questions of BOTH parties (the union AND the administration).
  4. Implement for a provisional year.
  5. Employ third party expertise to THOROUGHLY analyze results.
  6. Present results to both parties and meet collaboratively to discuss & critique. Compare with predictions.
  7. Renegotiate steps 1, 2, & 3 before implementing within policy.

Mutual respect and mutual goals should be the new paradigm for local, state, and federal policy. When we acknowledge that we don’t have all the answers, we can finally have the open mind to attempt collaborative solutions.

A closing note: one interesting consequence of collaboration is the revelation of selfish spearheads of personal belief. Ardent figureheads of unyielding ideas are of more danger to our communal benefit than those who are willing to compromise. If democracy is a sacred idea, we must reduce the power of metaphoric monarchs. The union president doesn’t always support EACH of its members and the superintendent’s policy is RARELY a result of administrative consensus.

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Web Design & Hosting

Web Design & Hosting

Modern websites require traffic.

They can be gateways to affiliates, a hub that capitalizes on a niche, or a virtual community that shares interests and values…

Do you need membership?

Do you wish to “protect” your content for paid subscribers? Are you planning on linking your website with social networking?

Do you have content ready to go? Is it video, audio, and ebooks?

Do you have your online marketing plan? Are you capitalizing on the free networks that exist already? YouTube? Podcasts? Facebook? Twitter?

Do you have your images created? A home page design? Are you blogging or just presenting static webpages?


Do you have a domain and/or hosting? With what company and what are their capabilities for security, e-commerce, and email?

Have you asked these questions already? Do you need help answering them? Contact me for a consultation.



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A Modern Education

A Modern Education

There are a litany of modern skills that are passing directly over the heads of our current public schools.

If you’re reading this, you’re already using one mode of modern communication that is definitely used in modern classrooms, yet the mechanism of its use is rarely touched upon. The modern teacher often struggles with educating students on plagiarism and proper citations of wikipedia, but they would be highly unusual if they displayed the knowledge of using hyperlinks, blogging software, and search engine optimization. My ability to post my thoughts on this webpage is a product of modern technology and software of which few of my friends are even literate. Yet the basics of digital communication are being taught in first grade schools in such countries as India, China, South Korea, and even ESTONIA. But why not the United States?

Here, innovation is a significant piece of the economic puzzle but it is also necessary for us to advance the goals of education considering that the world’s technological changes are happening so quickly while our American schools’ curricula have been at a near standstill for 120 years. Globalization is requiring aggregate research, a larger pool of statistics, adaptive communication, fluency in data interpretation, and a modern concept of the word “social.” Yet most teachers would scoff at this skill set, demanding that students receive a traditional “encompassing” view of segmented subjects such as English and American literary classics, American history, mathematics, science, physical education, and a foreign language. They will rarely connect the literature with history, mathematics with science, and technology is utterly absent. Physical education glosses over nutrition and anatomy, and emotional health is a laugh among most gym teachers. And let’s not even get started on foreign languages and the kind of pseudo-patriotism in this country. Nor will I even attempt to opine over the legislation of Creationism in today’s biology classes. Euthanasia will surely follow.

Under the “globalization” foundation of our future, I will expound upon one single word that is evolving so rapidly that most academics are struggling to keep pace with both the definition of it, as well as the technology of it. This word is “SOCIAL.”

Social sciences have rarely been treated as “science.” If it were, the typical quotes such as, “the winner writes the history books” wouldn’t exist. Qualitative interpretations of historical texts and census data usually usurp the type of cause & effect logic that governs quantitative analysis. But in the last 20 years our scientists have begun to demonstrate that social behavior is consistent with neurology, that emotional response hinders neurological function, and that rapport is chemical!

Despite these sociological breakthroughs, the word “Social” is also a new underpinning of the most expansive communication platform on the planet, the internet. We are using “social media” and “social networking” in ways that most of the world could have never dreamed… in business, in journalism, in education, and even acdemics.

I started The MUNIVERSITY with the goal of teaching the modern ideas of “Social Intelligence,” starting from the students’ understanding of interpersonal skills, and then expanding their personal sphere of networking & influence and extending their mastered sense of personal communication into the technological sphere of the internet.

If you’d like to stay connected to The MUNIVERSITY and use some of our resources for your own benefit or use, sign up for our free newsletter and our forum!

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This day is usually filled with brooding…

Strolling back into a high school after a 2 month vacation and seeing your coworkers is a happy occasion that gets quickly thrown to the side as socially ardent teenagers quickly smash through the doors and shout to their supporting cast of boisterous pseudo-hooligans while we make our opening speeches. Teaching is honorable… and our abilities of crowd control are rarely acknowledged.

Today, for me, began with a text from my coworkers… cursing me from their annual re-insertion into public sector protocol while I lay in bed thinking about how best to mentally prepare for my 6:30-9:30pm graduate class on Probability. My daily stress level during the “school year” has officially plummeted from an 60/100 to a 20/100. My advisor has even shunned my overzealous work ethic and told me to “settle in” to my schedule. Wanna know my schedule that needs settling into? M 4:30-7:30pm, T 6:30-9:30pm, W 4:30-7:30pm, & Th 4:30-7:30pm. I think I’ll hit the gym during the days that I work on my comfort level.

Now, it’s not all easy. Specifically, I have very little experience with this new form of statistical mathematical notation. The language of math of physics is much more visual and robust. We don’t randomly insert a vector term unless there is a physical property that includes direction… whereas, statisticians can randomly insert and fit an extra nominal term within a model that has no physical interpretation; it’s just data. It is data that may or may not be important. Rarely do physicists do anything “extra.” We are barebones, brute force mathematicians that learn the elegant tricks when we have to. So my prediction is that this change in philosophy is going to carry my forehead into the figurative brick wall as I glean the nuances of Item Response Theory and Hierarchical Multilevel Analysis.

On another note, my fourth class in “Teacher Evaluation” is going to require a great deal of empathy. Subjective/Qualitative Evaluation is farthest thing I’ve ever witnessed from a hard science that attempts to portray itself as an evolved, structured analysis. I have a feeling that I’ll be making hand waving arguments and laughing at the false pretenses of administrators. Nearly every paper on teacher evaluation that I have ever seen, shows that local administrators show extreme bias in their evaluations… so much so that third-party university professionals are usually called in to “correct” for the skew in qualitative data. Sadly, qualitative data is still the only evaluation method my former colleagues and I have ever been subjected to.


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